Roses of Britain
Timeline of Mythic England
Albion (The Long Winter Through the Roman Conquest)
- The Long Winter – Albion is a cold and inhospitable land, bound under colossal glaciers. Due to low sea levels, land bridges connect the region to Ierne (Ireland) and Gaul (France). Dragons, giant clans, and the hardiest wild beasts are the only creatures that dwell in her vast, frozen reaches. Primal spirits walk the land in myriad forms. Virtually nothing is known of Albion’s history prior to the Long Winter. It is thought that this era stretches back to the Dawn War between the gods and primordials, or perhaps even to the Creation.
- ca. 18,000 B.C. (19,500 years ago) – The outcast primordial Prometheus weaves a cosmic ritual to bring about the Great Thaw. Over the following millennia, the Long Winter gradually recedes.
- ca. 12,000 B.C. (13,500 years ago) – Small clans of savage humans and halflings from Gaul begin to migrate to Albion and settle on the windblown tundras they find there. These races are adept in primal magic, but know little of arcane or divine power.
- ca. 9,000 B.C. (10,500 years ago) – The Long Winter ends. The last icebound areas in Albion have vanished, opening up the region to widespread settlement. Other primitive races also begin to arrive in Albion from Gaul, including goblins and ogres.
- ca. 8,500 B.C. (10,000 years ago) – In the wake of the Great Betrayal of the drow, the elves leave the Feywild and begin to settle on Earth. Elven enclaves appear in the vast forests of alder, birch, and pine that are now thriving in Albion.
- ca. 7,500 B.C. (9,000 years ago) – Rising sea levels isolate Ierne from Albion.
- ca. 6,500 B.C. (8,000 years ago) – Rising sea levels isolate Albion from Gaul and continental Europe, transforming the region into an island. Albion’s forests have gradually evolved into warmer, more hospitable woodlands of ash, beech, and oak. Elven civilization is at its apex on the island.
- ca. 4,500 B.C. (6,000 years ago) – Eladrin explorers from the Feywild begin building brightholds in Albion. They jealously guard their knowledge of arcane magic from the humans, halflings, and other races. Humanity commences the widespread clearing of Albion’s ancient forests for farming and herding. As a result, elven civilization goes into a long decline.
- ca. 2,500 B.C. (4,000 years ago) – The eladrin sieze a primal place of power on the southern chalk plateau of Albion, wresting it from the control of the human tribes that had conducted sacred burials there. On this site, the eladrin found the brighthold of Elen Cabed, which serves as the most powerful center of arcane study and ritual magic in Albion for millennia to come.
- 25th Century B.C. (4,000 to 3,900 years ago) – Goblin tribes in Albion pledge their fealty to the hobgoblin shaman-kings of Iberia (Spain). Most of the goblin population of western and central Europe unifies under the rule of the shaman-kings, forming a vast and savage empire. Emboldened, Albion’s goblins wage war on the giants, claim great swaths of the region’s Feywild, and subjugate the other races of Albion. The rule of the shaman-kings brings colossal wealth to Albion, as well as the secrets of bronze smelting and divine magic.
- 21st Century B.C. (3,600 to 3,500 years go) – The fractious goblin empire that has dominated Europe for four centuries begins to collapse under the weight of bickering, rebellion, and perpetual warfare. The strongholds of the shaman-kings in Iberia and Germania fall under the blades of the eladrin, who are furious at the goblins’ rapacious plundering of their arcane secrets. Albion becomes the last bastion of goblin strength, but within a century even its tribes have splintered and reverted to raiding.
- 18th century B.C. (3,300 to 3,200 years ago) – The giant clans move to solidify their power over the smaller races, culminating in the emergence of the storm titan Albion. Thought to be the progeny from a primordial’s defilement of an ocean fey queen, Albion bestows his name on the island and establishes a cruel Gigantocracy. Albion and his successors compel humans, elves, halflings, and other races to offer them tribute.
- 12th century B.C. (2,700 to 2,600 years ago) – Directed by the goddess Diana, the exiled Latin prince Brutus arrives in Albion. Brutus and his Trojan allies topple the Gigantocracy, which is in decline. Brutus names the Trojan warrior Corineus king of Cornwall, where the giants retain their last stronghold of power. Eventually, Corineus slays the earth titan Gogmagog, effectively stamping out giant civilization in Albion. Brutus claims the mantle of King of Albion, beginning a line of succession that runs to the present day. On the banks of the River Thames, he founds the city of Troia Nova, later known as Trinovantum, and later still as London.
- 9th century B.C. (2,400 to 2,300 years ago) – The reign of King Bladud. As a youth, Bladud is educated in distant Athenai, where he learns the lore of the ancient world, including the secrets of arcane and shadow magic. Unfortunately, he also falls prey to Plutonic leprosy. Upon returning to Albion, he goes into exile in disgrace, but soon discovers a primal place of power near the Avon Valley hot springs. The springs cure Bladud, and he thereafter reclaims his crown and founds Caerfaddon (Bath) on the site. During his rule, he establishes a now-lost arcane college on the River Welland (at present-day Stamford), encourages worship of the Greek goddess Athena, and allies with the shadar-kai and sorrowsworn. The king eventually perishes while conducting sinister research into the Shadowfell.
- Bladud is succeeded by his son, King Leir, who oversees a long period of prosperity in Albion and founds Caerlyr (Leicester). In Leir’s autumn years, however, illithids from the Black Spring manipulate his diminishing mind for their own inscrutable purposes, compelling him to divide his kingdom between his ambitious oldest daughters, Goneril and Regan. Leir’s youngest daughter, Cordelia, flees Albion to wed a Gaulish barbarian-king, and soon after Albion erupts into civil war. The warriors of Goneril and Regan clash, while Leir narrowly escapes the clutches of the mind flayers and finds sanctuary with his youngest daughter. Cordelia returns to Albion with a Gaulish army, defeats her sisters’ forces, and restores her father to the throne.
- 6th century B.C. (2,100 to 2,000 years ago) – Longtooth shifters begin to settle in Albion from Gaul and the North.
- ca. 500 B.C. (2,000 years ago) – The Dragon Tyrant known as Ddraig Goch appears in Albion. In response, the Welsh king Lleu Llaw Gyffes defeats and binds him. Dragonborn spawned from Ddraig Goch’s blood appear in Albion.
- 4th century B.C. (1,900 to 1,800 years ago) – The reign of the Brother Kings, Brennius and Belinus, who wage war against one another. The so-called “Brotherly War” lasts for decades and eventually embroils not only Albion, but also Alba (Scotland), Gaul, and the North. Eventually, Brennius and Belinus make peace and unite under a dual kingship. Craving conquest, the brothers soon voyage to the Roman Republic with their armies and lay siege to Rome herself. Eventually, Brennius is victorious and rules Rome with legendary cruelty for the rest of his days, while Belinus returns to the throne of Albion.
- 1st Century B.C. (1,600 to 1,500 years ago) – The reign of of King Lludd. Renowned as a builder of cities, Lludd fortifies Trinovantum and constructs mighty fortresses across the breadth of Albion. He also establishes a peace with the island’s elves that lasts over a thousand years. Lludd performs many wondrous feats during his reign: rooting out the malicious changelings; sealing the now-rebellious Dragon Tyrant Ddraig Goch deep in the Underdark; and defeating the Famine Mages who spread a withering blight in Albion at the behest of their demonic masters.
- 55 – 54 B.C. (1,555 – 1,554 years ago) The reign of Cassivellaunus. Julius Caesar’s invasions of Britain.
Britain (Roman Conquest Through Unification of Saxon Kingdoms)
- A.D. 43 – Roman conquest of Britain begins.
- 1st Century A.D. – The first tieflings arrive in Britain.
- 5th Century A.D. – The Azure Enthronement. The Mabinogi walk the Earth in mortal form and rule Cymru for a generation. The Germani begin to invade Britain. Continental dragonborn affiliated with the Scaled Fellowship arrive with the invaders, triggering intra-dragonborn warfare. Gnome settlers reach the Feywild of Britain. The Brythonic King Vortigern frees Ddraig Goch to defeat the Dragon Tyrant known as the Nameless Wyrm. Afterwards, Ddraig Goch lairs in the Snowdonia Mountains.
- ca. A.D. 410 – The last Roman legions abandon Britain.
- ca. A.D. 450 – The Saxon Kingdoms of Britain begin to rise to power.
- A.D. 553 – In Italy, the Ostrogothic Kingdom falls to the Eastern Roman Empire. The Scaled Fellowship breaks, and afterwards intra-dragonborn conflict in Britain diminishes.
England (Unification of Saxon Kingdoms to Present)
- A.D. 927 – The Saxon Kingdoms unify as the Kingdom of England under King Athelstan.
- A.D. 1283 – The English King Edward I executes Daffyd ap Gruffydd, the last Prince of Gwynned. The peace between English humans and elves ends.
- A.D. 1383 – Pope John XXII issues a decree affirming that tieflings may receive sacraments and enter Heaven. Tieflings thereafter begin re-emerging into public life in England.
- ca. 1400 A.D. – Gnomes from the Feywild begin to settle in Earthly England. The wilden appear in the deep reaches of the Feywild and likewise begin migrating to Earth.
- 1485 A.D., August 22 – The Battle of Bosworth Field. The House of Lancaster defeats the House of York and the War of the Roses ends. Henry Tudor is crowned Henry VII of England, establishing the Tudor Dynasty. Henry awakens Ddraig Goch and restores the alliance between the Kings of Britain and dragonkind.